A modern group gave mt-DNA haplogroup U the name of Uma. I believe Ursula was the name that British geneticist Brian Sykes used in his early DNA work. The seven something Eve. But Urusula-Uma is our mother for today. I have family and friends who are on her mt-DNA maternal line U.
I believe people must learn about the haplogroups of many of their ancestors, and those of their other family members. I see all through the years men who only learn about their y-dna haplogroup. Some men have also gotten their mt-DNA haplogroup. But the males who only ‘work on” their y-dna line, I find, seem to lose themselves in the one haplogroup. Since we keep adding to our knowledge from the terminal SNPs, and more downstream SNPs are being sequenced all the time, then yes, it can be a job in itself just to learn about the one haplogroup. But to get a feel for human migration and history, then one must learn about all the haplogroups to some extent.
As a girl I see this differently. If I want to enjoy y-DNA, I will look at both my dad’s and my mother’s father’s; and the next thing I know I am looking at all my ancestors’ different haplogroups forming a melting pot of lives across Africa, the Middle East and Asia, all throughout Europe and into the Americas in two waves – the first overrun by the second and the second overrun by the closest cousins from antiquity.
I see people on the move and going forth like gangbusters – steam rollers – migrations throughout all of history and herstory, DNA haplogroups and subgroups moving everywhere – in, out, around and back, over and over again.
You can see in the chart that Sarah Anne Rebecca was U5a – that is, 2nd great grandmother, Sarah Anne Rebecca Gillespie Lewis, wife of Baylis Washington Harrison Lewis. Cousin Buddy tested his mt-DNA and cousin Buddy, like Daddy Paw that reared me, is a maternal line descendant of SARGL 🙂
I am, as I have written about, an H10a1 and so my maternal line cousins can know their mt-DNA haplogroup because of my testing. Yes, yes, that is if they are biological and if the relationship is what it should be. But all my cousins get to know they are H10a1.
My father’s sister tested, so I get to know his mt-DNA haplogroup H1ag1. So that must also be the haplogroup of my paternal grandmother who reared me and all my cousins who are that maternal descent line. And they get to learn their haplogroup.
We can all learn when one person learns something. My close friend is a U3. She can’t learn much from U5 but both U5 and U3 want to know about U – Urusula Uma! And U5a1 might be very specific information but someone who is a U5b2b is in fact interested in mother U5. So we built the information like a tree.
The first places to look for any haplogroup info is our Rebecca Canada’s Haplogroup.org. I had been learning from Rebecca before any of the current folks were born 🙂 – Rebecca was already on the scene and sorting and categorizing and supporting people with their DNA findings and we all stand taller because of being propped up on her shoulders.
Also for Maciamo Hay’s Eupedia and its wonderful pages of information –
Again, see Jean Manco’s site. Use your search and find feature on your browser to look for U and U5 up and down the pages of great info on her saved site of haplogroups in ancient skeletons.
On Ms. Manco’s pages see down the left side the eras of ancient history and then, era by era, see where your haplogroup begins to enter pre-history and pre-herstory.
David Reich says in his book that just because we see a cluster of people with the same haplogroup in one place, we should not necessarily believe that is where the haplogroup arose. Nor does he think we can necessarily judge how long a cluster has been in one place because population groups were moving and displacing each other all the time. Which upends all that earlier research aimed at assigning haplogroups to history and herstory.
It makes no sense to report what ftDNA says about it. They have their curt note saying we must get permission from the parent company, Gene By Gene, before we can repeat what they say. They demand that we get their permission to tell the story of the DNA haplogroups, but they did not get permission from the customers before sharing our data with third and fourth parties.
But many people will still be testing with my first love, Family Tree DNA. That is where I first tested in 2005 and never looked back; I have paid for dozens of test kits sequenced by ftDNA and often with multiple tests. And they still must be the go-to testers for many of the features they offer. Few companies offer it all.
Frigg from Wikipedia
|Description||Frigg and one of her handmaids, presumably Fulla.|
|Date||Published in 1865|
|Source||Murray, Alexander (1874). Manual of Mythology : Greek and Roman, Norse, and Old German, Hindoo and Egyptian Mythology. London, Asher and Co. This illustration is from plate XXXVI. Digitized version of the book by the Internet Archive, https://archive.org/details/manualofmytholog00murruoft Published earlier in Reusch, Rudolf Friedrich. 1865. Die nordischen Göttersagen.|
|Author||Ludwig Pietsch (1824-1911)|
Ludwig Pietsch (1824-1911) [Public domain]