Ice-Age Ancestors Tour ~ Ancient DNA

WIKIPEDIA: They are the only source with ‘color’

The abri de Cap Blanc is a prehistoric limestone rock shelter with Magdalenian animal sculptures. It is in the Marquay commune on the right bank of the Beune River, a few kilometers west of Eyzies-de-Tayac, in Dordogne. Wikipedia Address24620 Marquay, France

abri de Cap Blanc in the Dordogne

The abri de Cap Blanc in the Dordogne is a rock over-hang, a rock shelter. The one theme of new info throughout the tour was that folks did not live in the caves. All these wonderful art works found from Lascaux to Altamira were inside caves but the archaeology shows the people were not not living there. They lived at the mouths of the caves or under the rock overhangs that dot the cliffs all over the cave-art areas.

Cap Blanc has lots of archaeological evidence and a magnificent frieze carved into the stone back wall of the shelter. This is one of the three places you can get a limited numer of tickets for by lining up early at the Font du Gaume ticket office (It is CLOSED on Saturdays). The village of Marquay was a long way from Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil and I don’t believe anyone should try to walk this.

Wikipedia describes:

“The abri de Cap Blanc is a prehistoric limestone rock shelter with Magdalenian animal sculptures. It is in the Marquay commune on the right bank of the Beune River, a few kilometers west of Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, in Dordogne. Wikipedia

Many others have written about the Rock Shelter; these are special works of research and collections of information and photos from others. Visitors cannot take photos in the caves and shelters any longer for fear of damage.

And the wonderful haplogroups names and located on maps with all the details


Searching for more DNA haplogroups

Saved by Wikipedia! – Again!

arrange by haplogroups? and locations?

Older sequences

– arranged by date

30000 YBP “Kostenki 14”

Analysis of mtDNA from “Kostenki 14“, also known as the “Markina Gora skeleton“, a male early modern human who was interred approximately 30,000 years ago, at Markina Gora near Kostyonki on the River Don in Russia, has shown that it belongs to the U2subclade.[3][4]

9150 YBP Cheddar Man

The Cheddar Man, the nickname for the ancient human excavated from Cheddar Gorge, is in mitochondrial haplogroup U5a. His approximate date of death was 7150 BCE.

8500 YBP Kennewick man

Analysis of the 8500-year-old skeleton of the Kennewick Man, found in Washington State, United States, showed that his Y haplogroup is Q-M3 and his mtDNA haplogroup X2a. This indicates that he was closely related to modern Native Americans.

5300 YBP Ötzi the Iceman

Analysis of the mtDNA of Ötzi, the frozen mummy from 3300 BCE found on the border of Austria and Italy, has shown that he belongs to the K1 subclade. His mtDNA cannot be categorized into any of the three modern branches of that subclade (K1a, K1b or K1c). The new subclade has preliminarily been named K1ö for Ötzi.[34]

Ötzi has been found to be Y-DNA haplogroup G-M201.[35] The actual term used was G2a4, but the presumed L91 mutation has since been given a new category, G-M201.

2000 YBP Young Man of Byrsa

In 2016, an ancient Carthaginian individual, who was excavated from a Punic tomb in ByrsaTunisia, was found to belong to the rare U5b2c1 maternal haplogroup. The Young Man of Byrsa specimen dates from the late sixth century BCE, and his lineage is believed to represent early gene flow from the Iberian Peninsula to the Maghreb.[33]

Mummy Juanita

The mummy “Juanita” of Peru, also called the “Ice Maiden”, has been shown to belong to mitochondrial haplogroup A.[8][9]

Ramesses III

In December 2012, a genetic study conducted by the same researchers who decoded King Tutankhamun’s DNA predicted using an STR-predictor that Ramesses III, second pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty of Egypt and considered to be the last great New Kingdom regent to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E-M2, alternatively known as haplogroup E1b1a.[19]


There is controversy regarding Tutankhamun’s Y-DNA profile. It was not discussed in a 2010 academic study that included DNA profiling of some of the male mummies of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, and was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The team that analysed the Eighteenth Dynasty mummies disputed a claim later made by the personal genomics company iGENEA regarding Tutankhamun’s Y-DNA profile. Staff from iGENEA examined images from news coverage of the above study, that purportedly showed data from Tutankhamun’s Y-DNA profile. Based on the unverified images, iGENEA claimed that Tutankhamun belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1a2,[30][31] a claim that was rejected as “unscientific” by members of the team that had actually analysed the Eighteenth Dynasty mummies. The original researchers also stated they had not been consulted by iGENEA before it published the haplogroup information.[32]


1 Copy of 2019 trip 466

I am just astonished at “how white” she is portrayed – there is a good chance this was not her color. – She lived from 13,000 to 11,000 BCE during the Magdalenian period.

L’Abri Pataud, or the Pataud Shelter in English, is a prehistoric site found in the middle of the village Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil in Dordogne, Aquitaine, southwestern France. Wikipedia Address20 Rue du Moyen Âge, 24620 Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil, France

National Museum of Prehistory Address1 Rue du Musée, 24620 Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil, France Opened1918

Rouffignac Cave 39 Google reviews

The Rouffignac cave, in the French commune of Rouffignac-Saint-Cernin-de-Reilhac in the Dordogne département, contains over 250 engravings and cave paintings dating back to the Upper Paleolithic.Wikipedia


Grotte Préhistorique du Sorcier
Tourist attraction in Saint-Cirq, Dordogne, France

AddressRoute de Saint-Cirq, 24260 Le Bugue, France


Great Wiki article about the skeletons and the few that have been sequenced.


The lineage of EEMH contributes substantially to the modern populations indigenous to Europe. EEMH populations during the Last Glacial Maximum were probably confined to refugia, associated with the Solutrean and Gravettian cultures. From there, Europe was re-peopled during the Holocene climatic optimum. The genetic contribution of these populations to modern Europeans is dubbed “West European Hunter-Gatherer” (WHG). The identification of the WHG component in modern populations is based on the analysis of the genome of a Mesolithic hunter-gatherer buried c. 8000 years ago in the Loschbour rock shelter in Müllerthal, near HeffingenLuxembourg.[note 3]

According to Fu et al. (2016), the mesolithic WHG lineage (dubbed the “Villabruna Cluster”) already contains post-LGM admixture from the Near East and Caucasus, ending the period of isolation in EEMH of c. 37 to 14 ka.[note 4]

The WHG populations mixed extensively with the expanding Early European Farmers (EEF) populations during the European Neolithic.[51]

In terms of unipaternal lineages, EEMH were descended from the patrilineal Y-DNA haplogroups Haplogroup IJ and C1,[note 5][6] and maternal mt-DNA haplogroup N (and descendant haplogroups R and U).[note 6] Y-haplogroup IJ likely arose still in Southwest Asia. haplogroup I emerged about 35 to 30 ka, either in Europe or West Asia. Y-haplogroup K2a* (K-M2308) is associated with Central Asia, found in Siberian Ust’-Ishim man, but also in the Proto-Aurignacian Oase 1 fossil (Romania). Mt-haplogroup U5 arose in Europe just prior to the LGM, between 35 and 25 ka.

Bichon man“, an Azilian (early Mesolithic) skeleton found in the Swiss Jura, was found to be associated with the WGH lineage. He was a bearer of Y-DNA haplogroup I2a and mtDNA haplogroup U5b1h.[22]

See Pedigree Collapse for the context of how we all are mostloy descended from most of the surviving DNA

One thought on “Ice-Age Ancestors Tour ~ Ancient DNA

  1. Pingback: Magdalenian, Ice-Age And Ancient Ancestors Tour(S) ~ The Ones That Got Away | Cherie Lynn's Herstory

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